Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan, formerly also known as Turkmenia, is one of the Turkic states in Central Asia. Until 1991, it was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic(Turkmen SSR). Turkmenistan is one of the six independent Turkic states. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, Uzbekistan to the east and northeast, Kazakhstan to the north and northwest and the Caspian Sea to the west.

At 488,100 km2 (188,500 sq mi), Turkmenistan is the world’s 52nd-largest country. Over 80% of the country is covered by the Karakum Desert. The center of the country is dominated by the Turan Depression and the Karakum Desert.

After 69 years as part of the Soviet Union (including 67 years as a union republic), Turkmenistan declared its independence on 27 October 1991.
President for Life Saparmurat Niyazov, a former bureaucrat of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, ruled Turkmenistan from 1985, when he became head of the Communist Party of the Turkmen SSR, until his death in 2006.
Since the December 2006 death of Niyazov, Turkmenistan’s leadership made tentative moves to open up the country. His successor is President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow.
The politics of Turkmenistan take place in the framework of a presidential republic, with the President both head of state and head of government. Under Niyazov, Turkmenistan had a single-party system; however, in September 2008, the People’s Council unanimously passed a resolution adopting a new Constitution. The latter resulted in the abolition of the Council and a significant increase in the size of Parliament in December 2008. The new Constitution also permits the formation of multiple political parties.
The country possesses the world’s fourth-largest reserves of natural gas and substantial oil resources. Half of the country’s irrigated land is planted with cotton, making the country the world’s ninth-largest cotton producer.
Turkmenistan has taken a cautious approach to economic reform, hoping to use gas and cotton sales to sustain its economy
The latest study in May 2011 stated that the South lolotan gas field is now easily the world’s second-largest gas field in terms of gas-in-place.Turkmenistan is a net exporter of electrical power to Central Asian republics and southern neighbors.
Half of the country’s irrigated land is planted with cotton, making the country the world’s ninth-largest cotton producer.



Turkmenistan Operators

Operators

Websites

Technology

Launch Date

License

TM CELL “Altyn Asr”www.tmcell.tmGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
LTE
2012/2013Full Mobile
MTS Turkmenistanhttp://www.mts.tm/tm/ GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2006Full Mobile
Turkmen Telecomwww.turkmentelecom.tmWLLFull Mobile

COMMENTS