Kyrgyzstan

The Kyrgyz Republic, the Kirgiz Republic is a nation located in Central Asia. In October 1991, Akayev ran unopposed and was elected president of the new independent Republic by direct ballot, receiving 95% of the votes cast. Kyrgyzstan gained full independence a few days later on 25 December 1991.
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, bordering Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. It is farther from an ocean than any other country in the world although it does not contain the absolute farthest point from any ocean. That spot lies in the Xinjiang region of Northwestern China. The mountainous region of the Tian Shan covers over 80% of the country (Kyrgyzstan is occasionally referred to as “the Switzerland of Central Asia”, as a result), with the remainder made up of valleys and basins.
The 1993 constitution defines the form of government as a democratic republic. The executive branch includes a president and prime minister. The parliament currently is unicameral. The judicial branch comprises a Supreme Court, local courts and a Chief Prosecutor.
Agriculture is an important sector of the economy in Kyrgyzstan. By the early 1990s, the private agricultural sector provided between one-third and one-half of some harvests.
Kyrgyzstan’s terrain is mountainous, which accommodates livestock raising, the largest agricultural activity, so the resulting wool, meat and dairy products are major commodities. Main crops include wheat, sugar beets, potatoes, cotton, tobacco, vegetables, and fruit.
Kyrgyzstan is rich in mineral resources but has negligible petroleum and natural gas reserves; it imports petroleum and gas. Among its mineral reserves are substantial deposits of coal, gold, uranium, antimony, and other valuable metals. Metallurgy is an important industry, and the government hopes to attract foreign investment in this field. The country’s plentiful water resources and mountainous terrain enable it to produce and export large quantities of hydroelectric energy.
The principal exports are nonferrous metals and minerals, woolen goods and other agricultural products, electric energy and certain engineering goods. Imports include petroleum and natural gas, ferrous metals, chemicals, most machinery, wood and paper products, some foods and some construction materials. Its leading trade partners include Germany, Russia, China, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan.

http://www.gov.kg/

REGULATORY AUTHORITY

KYRGYZSTAN REGULATORY AUTHORITY



In 1996 government of Kyrgyzstan took initiative for the city telecommunication project. The main objective of this project was to provide telecom connections everywhere in Kyrgyzstan. The telecom Market is open to both foreign and domestic investors for establishment of their networks. To achieve these targets, establishment of an independent regulator took place, which effectively led to the full market liberalization, although some further development is still required.
http://www.nas.kg/


Kyrgyzstan Operators

Operators

Websites

Technology

Launch Date

License

Bitel/Beelinehttp://www.beeline.kg/GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1998 / 2010Full Mobile
Nurtelecomwww.o.kgGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE
2008Full Mobile
Megacomwww.megacom.kg/GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2006 / 2011Full Mobile
Nexihttp://www.nexi.kg/CDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+2007Full Mobile
Kyrgyz Telecomwww.kt.kgCDMA 1x1994WLL
Sapat Mobilewww.sapatcom.kgCDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+2003Full Mobile
Saima Telecomwww.saimatelecom.kgLTE & Fixed Landline2011 & 1997Full Mobile & Fixed
Fonexwww.fonex.kgCDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+2000WLL

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