The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was established in 1918, but was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920. Azerbaijan regained independence in 1991.
Azerbaijan is in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, straddling Western Asia and Eastern Europe. The total length of Azerbaijan’s land borders is 2,648 km (1,645 mi), of which 1007 kilometers are with Armenia, 756 kilometers with Iran, 480 kilometers with Georgia, 390 kilometers with Russia and 15 kilometers with Turkey. The coastline stretches for 800 km (497 mi), and the length of the widest area of the Azerbaijani section of the Caspian Sea is 456 km (283 mi). The territory of Azerbaijan extends 400 km (249 mi) from north to south, and 500 km (311 mi) from west to east.
Azerbaijan is a unitary constitutional republic. It is one of the six independent Turkic states as well as an active member of the Turkic Council and the TÜRKSOY community. Azerbaijan has diplomatic relations with 158 countries and holds membership in 38 international organizations.
Azerbaijan is a correspondent at the International Telecommunication Union and member of the Non-Aligned Movement and holds observer status in World Trade Organization.
Azerbaijan led the world as the top reformer in 2007/08, with improvements on seven out of 10 indicators of regulatory reform. Azerbaijan started operating a one-stop shop in January 2008 that halved the time, cost and number of procedures to start a business.
Two thirds of Azerbaijan is rich in oil and natural gas. The region of the Lesser Caucasus accounts for most of the country’s gold, silver, iron, copper, titanium, chromium, manganese, cobalt, molybdenum, complex ore and antimony.
Azerbaijan has the largest agricultural basin in the region. About 54,9 percent of Azerbaijan is agricultural lands.
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Azerbaijan Regulatory Authority

In Azerbaijan, the basic regulatory functions are carried out by the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT). The ministry took the initiative for regulatory regime and it resulted in the formation of “The regulatory authority” on 27 September 2005; however MCIT is still at the early stages of its implementation.

Although there is no independent National Regulatory Authority in Azerbaijan because the implementation of the above could not be materialized, the MCIT as a telecom regulatory body (Government) – controls number of operators.
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Azerbaijan Operators




Launch Date

License MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2600 MHz LTE
1996 / 2011Full Mobile MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2600 MHz LTE
1994 / 2011Full Mobile
Azerfon/ MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2600 MHz LTE
2005 / 2008Full Mobile
Wireless Telephony
2005WLL, HSDSL, 2004WLL