Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in the centre of Asia, forming part of South Asia, Central Asia, or possibly West Asia. With a population of about 30 million, it has an area of 647,500 km2 (250,001 sq mi), making it the 42nd most populous and 41st largest nation in the world. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and the east, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the far northeast.

The politics of Afghanistan consists of the Council of Ministers and the National Assembly, with a president serving as the head of state and commander-in-chief of the military. The nation Qis currently led by the Karzai administration under President Hamid Karzai who is backed by two vice presidents, Mohammed Fahim and Karim Khalili.
The Afghan economy has been growing at about 10% per year from 2000-2010, which is due to the infusion of over $50 billion dollars in international aid and remittances from Afghan expats. It is also due to improvements made to the transportation system and agricultural production, which is the backbone of the nation’s economy. The country is known for producing some of the finest pomegranates, grapes, apricots, melons, and several other fresh and dry fruits, including nuts.
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Afghanistan Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (ATRA)

The Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT) of Afghanistan was set up in the year 1955. Afghanistan stepped in to the world of electric communication in 1898 by installing a one-to-one wired telephone at Arg Palace (Royal residence) in Kabul.
In order to achieve the objectives provided for in this law, the ATRA have the following duties and authorities:
1. Regulate and supervise Operators and Service Providers, in accordance with the provisions of this law.
2. Supervise compliance by Operators and Service Providers with international obligations entered into by Afghanistan in the telecommunications sector.
3. Issue licenses in accordance with the provisions of this law;
4. Prepare and publish forms relating to issuance of licenses in accordance with this Law.
5. Assign radio frequencies and grant permits to licensees, in accordance with the national frequency allocation table referred through the Spectrum Management Department;
6. Modify, renew, suspend or revoke licenses and permits, in accordance with this law and other enforced laws;
7. Respond to complaints of users and dispose of the disputes involving Operators and Service Providers, users and other persons, including interconnection, access to and quality of service, numbering, privacy, unacceptable interference and quality of the networks or services of grantees and other services;
8. Specify and approve technical standards for telecommunication equipment and devices;
9. Establish and maintain the numbering plan and assign numbers to applicants;
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Telecom Statistics (End of December 2016)

Local MNOs1
Landline Operators1
Mobile Telephone Base Stations7,155
Mobile Telephone Population CoverageOver 89%
Landline Telephones114,192
Cellular Subscribers32,591,672
3G Broadband Subscribers4,669,379
Telephone Penetration85%
ISPs55, including  two WiMAX Operators

Afghanistan Operators




Launch Date


Roshan Telecom
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
2003Full Mobile
2006Full Mobile
Etisalat MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
2007/2012Full Mobile
AWCCwww.afghanwireless.comGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
2002Full Mobile
Afghan 1X (Cellular/WLL)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
Wasel TelecomCDMA, EVDO2014WLL